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The heart and soul of the Indian Constitution

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    Default The heart and soul of the Indian Constitution

    Dr. B R Ambedkar, the chairman of the Drafting committee called the fundamental right to constitutional remedies as the heart and soul of the Indian constitution. According to this right, a person can move the Supreme Court in case of violation of their fundamental rights. The enforcing of fundamental rights since then happened. In the Indian constitution, there are 5 writs according to Article 32 that empower the Supreme court to enforce the Fundamental right of an individual. Without these fundamental rights would be useless:
    Habeas Corpus
    Mandamus
    Quo Warranto
    Certiorari
    Prohibition

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    How many Amendments have been done in the Indian constitution so far? Till date 94 amendments have been made in the Indian constitution with the latest two being 93rd Amendment for O.B.C. provisions in Government and private education institutions.

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    Indian Constitution is the lenghtiest and more detailed among all written constitution of the world. The Indian Contituion originally constituted 395 Articles divided into 22 Parts and 9 shecdules. After the 86th Amendemnt Act 1995, the Constitution now consist of 444 Articles divided into 26 Parts and 12 Schedules. Since 1950-1995, 21 Articls hav been repealed and 69 more Articles have been added. A new Article 21A has been added to the Constitution by the Constitution 86th Amendment Act 2002. The 94th Amendment Act. 2006 made and Amendment for the word Bihar in Article 164 which was substituted by the words Chattisghar and Jharkhand.

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    Article 13 of the Indian Constitution provides for Judicial Review. The concept of Judicial Review has been borrowed from the American Constitution. Judicial review is a power confrred on the High Court under Article 226 and Supreme Court under Article 32 which can declare a law as unconstitusional or ultravires if it is inconsistence with the provisons of the Part III of the Constitution i.e if it infringes any of the fundamental rights.

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    According to me the Preamble of the Indian Constitution is the heart and soul of the Constitution which gives an overview about the whole Constitution. Indian Constitution in its Preamble declares India as a democratic, republic, sovereign and Secular state which makes it unique. The Fundamental rights and the writs are incorporated in the Constitution to give justice to its citizens.

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