India is truly a secular country and the written constitution has declared the same. It’s the duty of every Indian to believe in the declaration and stand by it. However, secularism of our nation has been questioned by some of the political events and social events that had occurred in our country. Is India actually a secular nation or just it is confined in the books. Does secularism really exists in India is always a question arising with immense dominance in the current scenario.
Secularism was not just a theory but an emotion which was rising during our freedom struggle. Our leaders like Bhagat Singh , Subhash Bose , Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and a majority of other leaders were also intensely committed to secularism principle, even though each of them expressed it in varying manners. These leaders have somewhat succeeded in establishing secularism in our nation through their efforts. Under the leadership of Nehru and afterward under the leaders of Congress, the secular state concept was adopted officially as the path of India to national integration and political modernity. In the west secularism evolved mainly due to the clash between the state and the church. However in India secularism has been conceived as the system that had sustained cultural and religious pluralism.
It has been witnessed that after independence secularization was going at a low pace. Yet At this scenario, even though the constitution is already secular, the communal facts or elements had infiltrated our state apparatus, the judiciary, the bureaucracy, the police and the army. Several social changes had occurred in the period 1970-1990, which resulted in providing a sturdy boost to communalism, it also attacked secularism greatly.
The concept of secularization should be established at any cost. For this process, it is required to oppose the vested forces and we have to struggle against those clergy forces in our society. Fundamentalism is actually that regressive response of those upper middle class sections in association with the vested, to crash those aspirations of the oppressed classes , whose movements or revolutions for their own rights were a big cause of stress for them. Secularization process along with the movements of those oppressed had caused a risk to those fundamentalist forces. They tried to attract these oppressed classes to them through religion and also through liberal usage of muscle power and money.
In recent years a disturbing trend was witnessed in the villages as the interactions between the urban and rural had become more intense. Prosperous classes of rural India had also effectively promoted communal forces. Secularism is many times metamorphosed to pseudo-secularism and minority politics too is not an issue seen rarely. But the good news is that despite of these facts, India still is regarded as and actually is a secular state where people with diverse religions live in harmony and we should feel proud about the same. It’s the duty of every Indian to promote secularism to strengthen our nation and to reach new dimensions in terms of prosperity and pleasure.